Discontinued educational programmes Makeshift educational programme Inadequate educational programmes Educational deficiency Undersupported school system
In countries with a very low GNP, the economic system often cannot finance the cost of mass education; where GNP is higher, inadequate education is often not a question of economic capacity but rather of the priority given to the allocation of resources for education, and whether policies in force favour educating the masses or concentrating resources in educating the elite. An education system unable to provide the entire school-age population with a primary education, but one which provides a minority sector with educational opportunities up to a considerable age and up to high levels, is usually the result of the way in which the structure of education is influenced by middle-income groups. Within the already established state educational systems of developed countries, such as the USA, problems exist which affect and often limit the educational opportunities of the poor, of minorities, of residents who do not speak the national language, and of physically and mentally handicapped children.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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