Lack of vocational training programmes Undeveloped adult retraining schemes Deficient trade schools Inadequate skills curriculum Unavailable skills retraining
The means for residents to develop the kind of modern business system, marketing expertise, management skills and sales ability that commercial education affords are not widely available. Local supplementary programmes to upgrade public education (such as vocational trade classes, remedial courses, work-studies, secondary school equivalent programmes and community college extension courses) are administered through minimum budgets, thus providing only a limited coverage of training possibilities; they give no promise for new engagement or employment possibilities. Varied geographical coverage, funding sources and small class attendance create gaps in programme content and continuity. Many courses exclude informal apprenticeship opportunities and are unable to provide mastery in a practical field of work; and most overlook the need training in building construction and maintenance, farm management and entrepreneurial skills. Few youth are able to go to regional or state training centres, and many of those who do soon leave the local community for more lucrative markets, thus depleting it of its trained workers.
In the USA in 1993 the public school system was recognized to be in crisis. Public schools were increasingly considered inefficient and costly. In many cities parents considered themselves obliged to send their children to fee-paying schools, if they could afford it. The cumulative effect is the concentration of children of the less wealthy, especially minorities, in underfunded, inefficient and ineffective schools.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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