Retardation of psychomotor development in children

Other Names:
Childhood psychomotor retardation
Malnutrition and cultural deprivation in infancy and early childhood tend to lead to retardation of psychomotor development, impaired learning and behaviour. Cerebral development being of an irreversible character, deprivation in the course of its evolution, especially during the immediate post-natal period, has irreversible consequences. Undernourishment in the mother can make the new-born baby's nervous system more fragile, and may lead to serious damage later on. Premature weaning can compromise the process whereby the neurones acquire myelin. The critical period of the brain's physical growth being between the fifth and the tenth month following birth, malnutrition at this time may reduce the number of cells in the brain, which has virtually finished growing by the end of the second year. Studies in Central Africa and Central America show that malnutrition during the first four years of life lead to mediocre intellectual performance when children reach school age. If there are other deficiencies in the environment, (psychological conditions, family situation, irregular school attendance) the child runs greater risk of suffering from other handicaps at school. Educational deficiency, the wrong kind of education or lack of education, even among children living in comfortable material conditions, may have disastrous consequences for cerebral development.
Physical retardation
Problem Type:
E: Emanations of other problems
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 6: Clean Water and SanitationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal
Date of last update
01.01.2000 – 00:00 CET