Training is widely advocated but often poorly executed. Before 1950 most developing countries had only limited training facilities. Over the next thirty years, aid donors directed large quantities of aid to training public officials in developing countries and to building training institutions inside and outside governments: regional and intergovernmental training institutions have been established in Africa, Asia, and Latin America-three under UN auspices-to support public service training; the United Nations, the United States government, and the Ford Foundation are estimated to have spent roughly US$250 million in support of institutions for training in public administration alone during 1951-62; the industrial market economies grant substantial amounts each a year for training of developing country nationals, including the award of overseas fellowships; training schemes are financed by UNDP.
According to a survey by the International Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration, there were 276 government institutions, university departments, and independent institutes providing public administration and management training in 91 developing countries in 1980. This is four times the number listed in a United Nations report for 1960.