Supporting national independence Focusing on national self-determination Emphasizing national self-determination
Permitting the individual to participate in determining alliances and/or government, especially at the national level.
Self-determination first evolved as a by-product of nationalism with the French and American revolutions. In World War I the Allies accepted self-determination as a peace aim. After World War II it became a chief goal of the United Nations.
Self-determination requires that decisions be made with consideration of what is acceptable to the global community. Since its inception in 1945, the UN has played a pivotal role in bringing about independence in 80 countries that are now among its member states.
People will implement directions which they have participated in making or think they have participated in making.
1. People must have experience and data in order to make informed decisions. 2. Self determination assumes the individual will act responsibly in relation to the whole. 3. Self determination assumes that the nation sufficient economic, political and cultural wherewithal to make responsible decisions, as well as a means of carrying them out.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.