Denial of effective national self-determination by capitalist exploitation
Capitalism is by nature acquisitive, with excess profits accruing to a small, non-productive minority or elite. Because the motivation for production is that of profit, property-owners seek and find ways of making more profit from overseas investment where labour costs are low and raw materials easily available. To ensure that the profit flows to them and is not diverted to the majority in the countries concerned, political control may have been or may be established, directly as colonialism or indirectly as economic imperialism and the manipulation of foreign debts and capital control. The people of such countries are thus effectively denied the right to national self-determination. This may cause alienation and retard development, and is likely to lead to revolution or guerrilla warfare which may escalate if larger powers take part on either side.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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