Denial of right to a people to determine their own political status National political dependence
The essential characteristics of political independence for large ethnic, linguistic or other groups with separatist tendencies are the rights to self-determination and the necessary political representation and leadership. Political independence may be denied an entire nation dominated by a great power; it also may be denied to internal territories and to colonized lands. Internally, political representation of minorities may be disallowed or frustrated. Denial of the right to be represented in legislative bodies constitutes repression and abrogates human rights.
Total lack of political independence occurs in countries which are occupied by foreign military forces or where earlier conquest has placed native peoples on an inferior level. Despite their large numbers in a country, refugees and migrants may also have no voice.
Some states, while technically sovereign, are so dominated by others that they have little political will of their own. The colonial system persists. Colonial peoples are far removed from the seat of sovereign power, are under-represented and do not receive full and equal benefits of citizenship. For these reasons they may seek, and be denied, political independence.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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