Using overseas development aid to reduce international migration
Since the 1970s there have been more people seeking to emigrate to richer countries than the latter have been willing to admit, either temporarily or permanently. In recent years, international migration has been increasing at an unprecedented level. Currently, some 80 to 100 million immigrants, refugees, or asylum-seekers and migrant workers are outside their country of citizenship. Since most recipient countries do not desire further significant numbers of immigrants, one method advocated to relieve the pressures of international migration is to make more overseas development aid (ODA) available to improve living standards (thus incentives to stay) in those countries with high emigration rates. ODA is one of four primary means through which industrialized countries individually and collectively influence economic and political developments in emigrating countries. However, there is agreement that only ODA is under the direct control of industrialized country governments, and ODA can therefore theoretically be tailored to influence emigration pressures in other nations.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.