According to the OECD (2002), donor assistance for environmental protection and basic social services had declined to less than 15% of all aid compared with 35% at the time of the Rio Earth Summit in 1992.
For UNDP, "the new motive must be the war against poverty, based on the recognition that this is an investment not only in the development of poor nations but in the security of rich nations". Raising awareness of all the dangers linked with the various manifestations of poverty - such as environmental degradation, disease, migration, drug abuse, terrorism - [inter alia] through the media, may be instrumental in obtaining enhanced public support for increased aid. Also, spreading information about the situation, the potential and the efforts of developing countries in respect of poverty alleviation would help.
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities. Within the framework of Agenda 21, developed countries reaffirmed their commitment to reach the accepted UN target of 0.7% of GNP for ODA and, to the extent that they had not yet achieved that target, agreed to augment their aid programmes in order to reach that target as soon as possible and to ensure prompt and effective implementation of Agenda 21. Some countries agreed to reach the target by the year 2000. It was decided that the Commission on Sustainable Development would regularly review and monitor progress towards this target. This review process should systematically combine the monitoring of the implementation of Agenda 21 with a review of the financial resources available. Those countries that had already reached the target were to be commended and were encouraged to continue contributing to the common effort to make available the substantial additional resources that had to be mobilized. Other developed countries, in line with their support for reform efforts in developing countries, agreed to make their best efforts to increase their level of ODA.