Most donor countries place some restrictions on the use of their aid contributions. These restrictions fall into two broad categories: restrictions with respect to the purposes for which assistance may be used, and the limitation of aid-financed imports to procurements in the donor country. The two may be combined in any given instance.
In the case of the USA, aid may be defined to include security assistance and balance of payments support for Israel and Egypt, rental of military bases, as well as disaster and famine relief, AIDS counseling, family planning support and encouragement of the recipient country's private sector. Special interest provisions may also be added to foreign aid appropriations bills. In 1992 it was noted that four small Caribbean island states, which were recent recipients of aid from Japan had joined the International Whaling Commission, and joined the lobby attempting to block attempts to outlaw commercial whaling.