Problem

Disruptive international mass migration

Nature:
International migration gives rise to problems of assimilation and to the development of ethnic and religious minorities that cannot readily be integrated into the community of their adopted country. Antagonism is likely to develop against migrant groups which are different in appearance, habits and attitudes from the local inhabitants; and to grow in areas where migrants are relatively numerous. Contemporary migration is also marked by the outflow of skills from many developing countries. The problem arises not only with regard to highly skilled professionals; there is also a loss of scarce skills in various sub-professional categories, a type of middle level technical and administrative brain-drain. As a result many developing countries face severe shortages in certain skills and professions.
Incidence:
According to ILO surveys, in 1981 there were two million Asian migrant workers abroad, the vast majority of them in the Middle East, and most of them skilled blue collar workers in construction and transport. Pakistan had 775,000 workers abroad in 1982; 354,000 workers left the Philippines in 1982; and 250,000 Indians sought work outside India during that same year. Of the developed countries in 1991, Australia has the highest percentage of its population foreign-born with 20%. Then follow Switzerland (17.2%), Canada (16.2%), France (10.5%), the UK (8.7%) and the USA (6%).
Values:
Disruption
Problem Type:
F: Fuzzy exceptional problems
Subject(s):
Society Migrants
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
Date of last update
01.01.2000 – 00:00 CET