Lack of international cooperation

Experimental visualization of narrower problems
Other Names:
Dependence on lack of international cooperation
Nationalistic response to global issues
Inadequate global cooperation to solve world problems
Nationalistic policy responses to world economic crisis
Decline in multilateral cooperation
Diminishing international cooperation

There is an increasing decline in multilateral cooperation, accompanied by a negative attitude to dialogue on development in particular. The growing breach between the rich and poor countries has not been met with the response of an equivalent flow of international solidarity.


Trends since the end of the cold war have been towards diminishing international cooperation or relating it to processes of opening up new markets for the products of donor countries or programmes "moored" to the purchase of inputs in the country of origin. In a 1993 study of this matter it was reported that although the richest countries on earth have set a goal of giving 0.7 per cent (less than 1 per cent) of their GNP for Third World development, only four countries have actually done so (Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the Netherlands). The USA, by contrast, is at the bottom of the list, giving less than 0.2 per cent of its GNP to other countries in the form of foreign aid. The targets set at the World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen have not been met and there has been very little political will to fulfill them in practice. In many countries the cooperation budget has been persistently "cut" over recent years and numerous organizations have disappeared, including foundations that were devoted to development and solidarity with countries of the third world.

Official economic cooperation is inadequate or non-existent between governments in some regions of the South. North-North cooperation in all matters is beset by ideological conflict, and North-South cooperation by economic exploitation. In 1993 the disarray in the management of the largest industrial economies was reflected in the different policy stances of Japan and Germany. With the world economy being pulled in different directions, there was rising concern that the G7 Group, as the main steering committee for the global economy, had become ineffectual and needed radical reshaping to provide a better coordination of policy. The divergence in G7 economic policies was seen as potentially destabilizing.

Major policy divisions emerged concerning Bosnia in 1993, both between the USA and Europe, and amongst European countries. The USA considered that, for good moral reasons, the Bosnian Muslims were the injured party and that everything should be done to help their cause. The Europeans, for equally good practical reasons, felt that the cause of peace could only be served by getting the Bosnian leadership to accept that ethnic separation was inevitable.

Narrower Problems:
Patent abuse
Inadequate world calendar
Inadequacy of foreign aid
Indecisive multilateralism
Multiplicity of time standards
Unfulfilled treaty obligations
Inadequate global policy-making
Disparity of national tax systems
Undermining of multilateral forums
Lack of trans-frontier cooperation
Regional divisions within countries
Nationalistic attitudes to currency
Conflicting international priorities
International economic fragmentation
Subversion of international agreements
Extraterritorial intrusion of jurisdiction
Fragmentation of technological development
Internationally non-cooperative governments
Domination of the world by sovereign states
Inadequate technical cooperation on problems
International differences in trading practices
Resistance to internationally agreed standards
Inadequacies of the international monetary system
Uncoordinated international river basin development
Imbalance in economic relationships among countries
Lack of international coordination of interest rates
Reinforced parochialism of internal values and images
Non-equivalence of national educational qualifications
Disregard for internationally imposed economic sanctions
Irregular payments of international financial obligations
Inadequate international cooperation in reducing terrorism
Ineffectiveness and inefficiency of international meetings
Non-verificability of compliance with nuclear power safeguards
Ineffectiveness and inefficiency of interdisciplinary meetings
Impediments to internationally mobile professionals and experts
Inability to negotiate effective multilateral safeguard systems
Lack of international coordination in biodiversity conservation
Proliferation of national and international anniversaries and years
Alienation of support for international organizations and programmes
Inadequate global consensus concerning problems and prospects of humanity
Detrimental international repercussions of domestic agricultural policies
Financial and economic disputes between states and nationals of other states
Unbridled competition among international organizations for scarce resources
Imbalances in the distribution of the costs and benefits of economic integration
Discriminatory allocation of television frequency bands for satellite transmission
Lack of UN jurisdiction in administered territories
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Problem Type:
F: Fuzzy exceptional problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST