Failure to conform to internationally agreed standards Insufficient standardization Inadequate harmonization of standards
Differing standards constitute a significant barrier to the free movement of goods between countries.
In 1988 it was estimated that the costs of such standards in impeding trade throughout the European Community was ECU 20 billion.
Efforts to promote common European health standards should not impinge on the diversity and character of Europe's food and drink. The very phrase "minimum hygiene standards" should strike terror into the hearts of any true-born Frenchman. There are many people who would find that life is not worth living unless you have a choice of all the gloriously unhygienic things which humankind -- especially the French portion of it -- has lovingly created, notably bacteria-contaminated soft cheeses.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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