Non-verificability of compliance with nuclear power safeguards
Refusal of international inspection of nuclear sites Secrecy in the nuclear power industry
The non-military uses of nuclear power involve the hazards of accidents at sites near international borders, the possibility of nuclear power plants being targets of sabotage or of acts of war, and the diversion of nuclear materials from commercial or civil applications to surreptitious weapons manufacture. There are no adequate means of inspecting for violations or hazards by international agreement.
In May 1984, nuclear experts from 19 countries agreed on guidelines under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency to deal with the accidental release of radioactive materials across national boundaries. The IAEA is a purely advisory body with no enforcement powers. The guidelines can be and are ignored at the convenience of national governments, as the USSR did at the time of the Chernobyl accident.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.