Promoting planetary interests Developing framework for global security Furthering global security Globalizing security Mobilizing awareness of security Assisting planetary security
The 1995 International Development Conference "Achieving Global Human Security" (Washington, January 1995) discussed issues of environment and population; food and hunger; human rights; peace-building and conflict resolution; sustainable human development; development education; and public policy and advocacy.
The concept of security must evolve from defending national territory to advancing human well-being. It must be broadened from the traditional focus on the security of states to include the security of people and the security of the planet. The following six concepts should be embedded in international agreements and used as norms for security policies in the future: (a) all people, no less than states, have a right to a secure existence, and all states have an obligation to protect those rights; (b) the primary goals of global security policy should be to prevent conflict and war and to maintain the integrity of the environment and life-support system of the planet by eliminating economic, social, environmental, political, and military conditions that generate threats to the security of people and the plant, and by anticipating and managing crises before they escalate into armed conflicts; (c) military force is not a legitimate political instrument, except in self-defence or under United nations auspices; (d) the development of military capabilities beyond that required by national defence and support of United Nations action is a potential threat to the security of people; (e) weapons of mass destruction are not legitimate instruments of national defence; (f) the production and trade in arms should be controlled by the international community.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.