Unmotivating subsistence employment Limited engagement alternatives Scarce employment possibilities Lack of significant employment Restricted opportunities for significant work
There tend to be neither a sufficient number nor a sufficient variety of jobs available locally to provide employment for the diverse skills available. Where work programmes are available they tend to be inadequate in size and scope, while many residents who have specialized degrees, skills and credentials are underemployed or without work. Persons in paid training programmes may remain in training much longer than necessary simply because they are not being prepared for real jobs waiting at the end of the programme. The experience of community residents that there are too few jobs available locally for the size of the potential work force is in marked contrast to the images received, through travel and television, that significant work should be and is available for everyone.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.