Problem

Disobedience


Experimental visualization of narrower problems
Other Names:
Contumaciousness
Defiance
Indocility
Intractability
Nonadherence
Recalcitrance
Transgression
Unruliness
Violation
Willfulness
Nature:

Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government. By some definitions, civil disobedience has to be nonviolent to be called 'civil'. Hence, civil disobedience is sometimes equated with peaceful protests or nonviolent resistance.

Henry David Thoreau popularized the term in the US with his essay Civil Disobedience, although the concept itself has been practiced longer before. It has inspired leaders such as Saad Zaghloul in the 1910s culminating in Egyptian Revolution of 1919 against British Occupation, and Mahatma Gandhi in 1920s India in their protests for Indian independence against the British Raj; and Martin Luther King Jr.'s peaceful protests during the civil rights movement in the 1960s US. Although civil disobedience is considered to be an expression of contempt for law, King regarded civil disobedience to be a display and practice of reverence for law: "Any man who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust and willingly accepts the penalty by staying in jail to arouse the conscience of the community on the injustice of the law is at that moment expressing the very highest respect for the law."

Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Problem Type:
B: Basic universal problems
Date of last update
05.11.2019 – 17:43 CET