Project planning and implementation through grassroots organizations for integrated community development and natural resource conservation.
From 1995-1997, the Parks and People Project was implemented in 5 protected areas by the government of Nepal with the financial and technical assistance of UNDP. The project has launched various activities in the project areas to achieve two main objectives: increase the socio-economic level of the bufferzone communities and conserve the biodiversity of parks/reserves and their surrounding. The major activities initiated by the project in its first phase were: (a) formation of local grass roots organizations such as User Groups (UGs), Function Groups (FGs), User Committees (UCs), (b) organization of skill enhancement training, (c) income generation activities, (d) productive infrastructure development, (e) conservation education and awareness programmes, (f) bufferzone community forestry development, and (g) eco-tourism promotion. The programme advocates the community based approach to conservation of park resources. Partnership arrangements are forged between the different groups formed by the communities in the buffer zone and the park and forestry authorities to promote self-reliant social and economic development with the final aim to protect and conserve of park resources.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.