Training integrative approaches to environmental management and planning
Training in integrated environmental management
The development of a cadre of trained professionals in integrated environmental assessment, equipped with appropriate analytical tools and models, and supported by global observing systems and other data collection processes. These will be important ingredients in the institutional preparations for sustainable development.
Integrated Environmental Management (IEM) is a process designed to incorporate environmental considerations of development proposals within the planning process. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a step within the IEM procedure. IEM is holistic and embraces both large scale physical and social considerations; requires public participation; provides for the inclusion of environmental concerns early in the planning process; calls for alternative proposals to be considered; and continues through to monitoring, auditing and decommissioning. To this end, IEM is a useful tool for minimising the adverse impacts of development on biodiversity.
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.