Ranking environmental problems for national environmental action plans
Ranking problems for NEAPs
The ranking of environmental problems among issues of national importance is an important component in preparing a National Envioronmental Action Plan (NEAP). How does environment rank in government policies beside health, social security, employment, education, wealth generation and quality of life? What efforts are made with integrated planning for environmental issues in these areas?
In ranking environmental priorities the following principles should be considered: (1) Intergenerational equity: The current generation is responsible for providing a sustainable environment for the next generation. (2) The precautionary principle: In light of uncertainties, it is best not to make decisions that may involve serious environmental risks. (3) The standstill principle: As an absolute minimum, environmental conditions shall not further deteriorate. (4) Abatement at source: Harmful environmental actions should be prevented at their source. (5) The polluter pays principle: Internalization of environmental costs through such means as licensing fees or environmental taxes. (6) Use of the best applicable technology to control pollution and other environmental harms. (7) Prevention of all unnecessary waste. Isolation, management, and control of wastes that cannot be processed. (8) Internalization: Environmental considerations are to be integrated into the actions of all responsible groups. (9) Integrated lifecycle management: Manufacturers are responsible for all environmental impacts of their products, from manufacture to use to disposal. Waste flows and pollution should be reduced at all stages. (10) Environmental space: Recognizes a limit to the level of resources each person can consume if society is to be environmentally sustainable.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.