The northern or developed world's diet, particularly the North American diet, contains a high proportion of meat. A lot of meat is produced by feeding grain to animals. The meat produced in this way contains only 10% of the calories contained in the grain fed to the animals, and 10 to 12 kgs of grain are required to produce 1 kg of meat. In order to provide food for the rapidly growing global population, one option forwarded is to encourage northerners to eat lower on the food chain (less meat and more grains and vegetables), in order to free up the potentially enormous volume of grain that would have been used for meat production for use by the hungry masses. This proposition additionally benefits the health of northerners.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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