Other Names:
Dependence on famine
Lack of food
Insufficient food supply
Food poverty
Food deprivation

The major causes of famine are poverty, trade barriers, corruption, mismanagement, ethnic antagonism, anarchy, war, and male-dominated societies that deprive women of food. Local land depletion, itself a consequence of poverty and institutional failure, is also a factor. Those who are too poor to use sound farming practices are compelled to overexploit the resources on which they depend.

The problem of famine is manifold:


The African continent in the mid 1980's suffered from famines on a scale never before witnessed. As of April 1985, 10 million people had abandoned their normal homes in search of food and water; 20 countries had been critically affected by drought; and 35 million lives were in danger.

Since the 1990's, notable famines have been man-made and in war zones like Somalia, Sudan, North Korea, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kosovo, Nicaragua, Tajikistan, and Sierra Leone.  

Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
Problem Type:
C: Cross-sectoral problems
Date of last update
04.09.2019 – 19:55 CEST