National and local legal systems can be deficient in a number of ways. Law enforcement systems can be inadequate. Enforcement officers can be ill-equipped to enforce laws or corrupt. The general public can be opposed to or unsupportive of law enforcement. Judiciary systems can be corrupt, undertrained or overloaded. Law faculties may be insufficient or may offer poor training. Law libraries may be inadequate for schools, judges, lawyers and other auxiliaries of justice. Judges and other court officials may be untrained or undertrained. Laws and courts may be inadequate, confusing or obscure. Legal material may be uncollected and poorly classified. Prisons may be understaffed or poorly staffed. Systems of punishment may be in violation of human rights conventions or incapable of being equitable.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.