Failure to enforce judgements and orders Failure in the service of legal process Unstructured law enforcement Unenforced laws Non-application of existing laws
A relatively large number of national and local laws are not adequately enforced. Changes in moral value have resulted in the non-application of a number of existing laws, so the public is no longer quite sure what is permitted and what is not. Some legal systems maintain laws on the books so that they may be selectively enforced. Some enforcement agencies are so overwhelmed by the amount of crime taking place in their jurisdiction that it must select what laws to enforce. Some legal systems are so complex that neither the law enforcement agencies nor the public knows what is legal and what is not. Some police are not so much hampered by a lack of laws as by a lack of political backing for action. In some cases, the rights of the accused may be so restrictive to law enforcement that attempts to enforce the law are hampered by restrictions of investigations, producing evidence, finding witnesses that for practical purposes the laws are enforced in such narrow ways as to be unenforced.
Any order that can be misunderstood has been misunderstood.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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