Unproductive labour resources Declining worker productivity Inefficient labour use
In the 1990s, high wages and social costs, whether paid directly by employers or indirectly by taxpayers, were eroding the productivity of European workers. According to OECD statistics, industrial production in Europe in 1993 was virtually at the same level as in 1989, although wages had risen from 7-8% per year. Per-unit costs of output in Germany were 35% higher than in Japan, and 540% higher than in the USA.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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