Violence in parliamentary assemblies Abusive language in parliament Indecent conduct in parliament Unparliamentary expressions Unparliamentary slurs
Abusive or insulting language is frequently used in parliamentary assemblies as an extension of parliamentary rhetoric. This is more or less constrained, depending on practice tolerated in particular countries. Occasionally the tensions of debate, and the issues under discussion, lead to exchanges of blows between parliamentarians. Women parliamentarians tend to be exposed to insulting, sexist language and insinuations, especially since parliaments have been a male domain and many practices continue to reinforce male domination. In 1994 the secretariat of the Indian lower Chamber, the Lok Sabha, compiled 218 pages of comments and expressions deemed unparliamentary. The material was collected from the records of debates in many English speaking parliaments around the world.
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