Increasing local autonomy of government biodiversity conservation programmes
Promoting local authority involvement in the conservation of local biological diversity
Devolving management of biological resources conservation projects to local level
According to local circumstances and capacity, some functions of local government in devolved biodiversity management will be to: a) ensure that biodiversity considerations are effectively integrated into local strategies, plans and programmes; b) institute and participate in public education, awareness and training programmes; c) develop management plans for local resources that are under pressure; ensure that biodiversity considerations are integrated into land-use planning procedures for rural and urban areas; and d) encourage and prepare municipal open space systems which play a positive role in conserving and using biological resources sustainably.
Top-down concepts of biodiversity need to be contextualised: the concept needs to be transformed to a bottom-up concept in order to make the concept clear for everybody: from politician and government official, to ordinary man.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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