Providing export incentives for developing countries products
It is generally recognised that economic development, social development and environmental protection are interdependent and mutually reinforcing components of sustainable development, and that further trade liberalisation should be accompanied by whatever measures may be needed to enhance the contribution of trade to the wider sustainable development objective.
The European Union has proposed a number of policies and measures to ensure consistency between trade liberalisation and sustainable development in the developing and least developed countries: 1. All industrial countries should commit themselves to tariff free treatment on essentially all products from the least developed countries, to be implemented by 2003. 2. Further support for capacity building should be provided, which goes beyond standard forms of technical assistance. This would include co-operation to address human resource and infrastructure constraints, particularly in least developed countries. This should be developed as part of a longer term programme of cooperation with other international organisations aimed at achieving better policy coherence with regard to assisting developing countries. 3. Measures to simplify WTO procedures and structures to facilitate the greater participation of developing countries with limited resources.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.