Providing incentives to undertake conservation measures
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities. Agenda 21 recommends encouraging policies that would provide incentives to farmers and local people to undertake conservation and regenerative measures.
On-farm research and development projects in SE Asia's uplands have addressed problems of ecosystems degradation. Farmer adoption, however, of land conserving technologies has generally not resulted or has not been sustainable. From research on four agroforestry projects and two policy approaches meant to protect upland resources, six lessons emerge regarding recommended innovations and methods for farmer adoption: (1) problem identification and prioritization require great care; (2) farmer technical approaches to problems and their underlying technical knowledge should be carefully considered; (3) appropriateness of technical innovations to target populations and environments should be continually evaluated; (4) farmer participation in the adaptation of a menu of technical offerings efficiently combines researcher-farmer inputs; (5) research or implementation policies should be re-evaluated as adoption gets underway; and (6) incentives need careful thought. Overall, variable scale diagnosis and design that is unbiased towards pre-selected technologies is needed. Lessons learned contributed to farmer-participatory agroforestry research being conducted in an upland rice-based system in the Philippines.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.