Developing a universal tax system to finance the conservation of biological resources Creating differential tax rates for biodiversity
Tax incentive and penalty schemes for biodiversity hold great potential for raising the finance necessary to address biological resource conservation. Besides systems of direct taxation on biodiversity affecting activities (penalties), there is the possibility of leveraging private financing for biodiversity through strategically targeted public policies such as differential tax rates based on environmental criteria (rewards).
The US Great Outdoor Colorado programme is financed through earmarked state lottery funds. This allows residents and visitors to support conservation through gambling. The lottery has provided US$100 million for over 800 conservation projects. There is also a proposed Colorado Wilderness Tax on non-consumptive users of natural resources which would be levied on items such as cameras, films, binoculars, and camping equipment. The revenues raised from this sales tax would be earmarked to conservation activities.
Governments could agree to levy a sales tax of 10% on exports of biological products. The revenues from this tax would be substantial and could be earmarked for national biodiversity programmes.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.