In 1993, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) approved a record US$1,200 million in loans for 13 projects that will benefit the environment. Of these finances, 65% were directed to urban environmental projects and particularly water quality, and 35% were directed to green environmental projects and environmental institution building. Examples include among others: $130 million for environmental protection and resettlement at Yacyreta; $110.2 million for environmental management of, and $50 and $350 million loans to a sanitation programme for, Guanabara Bay basin in Brazil; in Argentina, $150 million for sanitation and flood control in the Reconquista river basin, and $5 and $25 million loans for the development of environmental institutions; $130 million for the Medellin river sanitation project, $58 and $23 million loans for the national environmental programem, Colombia; $14.9 million for an Ecuadorian coastal resource programem; and $16.7 million for natural resource management of a Hondurian reservoir watershed.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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