Restrictive conditions on loans through intergovernmental facilities
Experimental visualization of narrower problems
Reduced scope of intergovernmental development assistance Autocracy of intergovernmental financial institutions
The post World War II developmental efforts through the United Nations Organization's Development Programme were based on the premise that the greatly differing developing countries were themselves the best judges of their own development priorities. The last ten years, however, have seen a tendency by some donor governments to either tie their share of multilateral assistance to their own perception of the priorities, or to limit their support in the multilateral context, in favour of increasing bilateral aid and special purpose arrangements.
Access of countries to financial facilities available through intergovernmental bodies, such as the International Monetary Fund, is subject to strict conditionalities, high cost and may only be available for the short term.
Measures intended to intensify integration into the capitalist world system, confirm the primacy of capital and guarantee its global valorization, result in an increasing number of countries, particularly in the Third World, being forced by intergovernmental financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to adopt measures which are in direct opposition to the interests of the majority of their populations.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.