This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities. Agenda 21 recommends encouraging institutions of higher learning to review their curricula and strengthen studies in sustainable development economics.
2. Development must bring about improvement in the living conditions of people, a proposition that is often forgotten in the pursuit of material wealth and the conventional concerns of economics. Austerity now for prosperity later is no longer an acceptable trade-off. Despite enormous economic progress, development has been very uneven between and within countries.