Improving natural resource use

Increasing efficiency of utilization of raw materials
The more we learn about materials, the more efficiently we use them. The progress from candles to carbon-filament to tungsten incandescent lamps, for example, decreased the energy required for and the cost of a unit of household lighting by many times. Compact fluorescent lights are four times as efficient as today's incandescent bulbs and last ten to twenty times as long. Comparable energy savings are available in other appliances: for example, refrigerators sold in 1993 were 23 percent more efficient than those sold in 1990 and 65 percent more efficient than those sold in 1980, saving consumers billions in electric bills.
If the future is like the past, there will be prolonged and substantial reductions in natural-resource requirements per unit of real output. Why shouldn't the productivity of most natural resources rise more or less steadily through time, like the productivity of labour?
Type Classification:
D: Detailed strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal