Offering collaborative pollution control Providing systems of pollution management Integrating pollution control Improving public/private pollution management Promoting better methods of pollution control
The ultimate level of integrated pollution control is where those affected by pollution are able to effectively change the situation. A community should be able to challenge polluters affecting the health and wellbeing of the community.
Industrial pollution has become a serious problem in many countries during the past two decades. Policy instruments used for pollution control are limited and a combination of national, state/regional and local environmental regulations have created a highly complex system of requirements that are not systematically implemented and enforced. There is an urgent need to develop new ways of thinking and new approaches to governance locally, nationally, and internationally. This calls for a more open and market-oriented approach including budgetary discipline and more private sector participation.
In June 1995 the Indonesian government publicly launched the Program for Pollution Control, Evaluation and Rating, also known as PROPER, by awarding green status to five companies (no company received a gold rating). The names of the other companies were not released. Instead the government announced that 115 of them were ranked as red, and six were ranked as black. Polluting firms were warned that their names would be made public in six months if they were still in violation. Using a sophisticated computerized model that takes into account dangers posed by each pollutant, the information on each factory was compiled into a single number. They then ranked the companies into five possible categories: gold for excellent, green for very good, blue for adequate, red for violators of environmental standards, and black for the worst polluters.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.