Consideration of the health impacts of policies has to be better integrated into approval procedures, impact assessments, and evaluations of the costs and benefits of transport plans, land use planning, and infrastructure programmes and investments.
Shifting transport to environmentally sound and health-promoting modes.
Raising awareness of transport and mobility sustainable for health and the environment, including efficient driving behaviour.
Multisectoral cooperation is necessary to ensure that environment and health requirements are integrated and their authorities are both involved in transport-related decision-making processes, such as those on transport, water and land use planning, infrastructure investment programmes and policy decisions.
There is a need to develop and implement policies to promote modes of transport which lead to health and environment benefits, aiming at a shift to modes of transport with lower specific emissions and accident risks. In particular, policies which promote safe and environmentally friendly cycling and walking by providing safe infrastructure and networks, implementing measures for traffic management, enforcing speed controls and speed limits that are appropriate to local circumstances, and designing roads and settlements taking into account the needs of pedestrians and cyclists.
Environment and health requirements must be properly integrated into transport, water and land use policies, infrastructure programmes and investments and other transport-related planning activities. Environment and health authorities must be fully involved in all levels of decision-making, and international cooperation on sustainable and health-promoting transport should be encouraged.
Shifting transport volumes to environmentally sound and health-promoting transport, by promoting those modes which are linked with high levels of physical activity, can be the safest, cause the lowest specific emissions and noise, and best conserve resources. In parallel, discouraging the use of modes of transport and technologies which damage health and the environment.
(2) The health benefits from transport should be accessible to all, and the disbenefits should not fall disproportionately on certain groups of the population, in particular children and women, the disabled and the socially excluded, certain generations or certain regions.