In the effort to make the allocations of aid more equitable and respond better to the requirements of the poorest countries, the questions both of country allocations and of earmarking these allocations in support of anti-poverty policies and programmes arise. Increased use of multilateral channels would contribute to this, as multilateral aid is generally spread among a larger number of recipient countries and its programmes more geared to poor countries and to countries with large numbers of poor people, than is bilateral aid. Moreover, multilateral agencies, like the World Bank, UNDP, UNICEF, IFAD, FAO, WHO, UNESCO and ILO, have developed considerable expertise and institutional capacity to assist countries in carrying out anti-poverty policies, programmes and projects. Establishing indicative targets, in terms of sectoral allocations as well as allocations to country groups, and monitoring their implementation, would heighten pressure for improved aid allocations by donors.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.