Providing criticism of economic and social restructuring policies
Civil society organizations and environment and development NGOs, in both industrial and developing countries, have led in criticism of structural adjustment efforts of the World Bank, which are often designed in Washington or with a borrowing government's finance ministry with little prior consultation of affected populations. Bank programmes and projects have been widely criticized for waste, environmental destruction, social dislocation and even corruption. A particular criticism is that the programmes do not benefit poor people or target poverty reduction. In response, the Bank has adopted a plan to increase popular participation in projects and policies; increased lending for health, education and population; cancelled several dam and large infrastructure projects which might have damaged the environment and displaced people; and initiated a joint Bank-NGO review of the social and economic impact of structural adjustment. However, it is claimed that changes in practice still lag behind changes in rhetoric and in policy.
Critics of the World Bank, especially environmentalists in the USA, have been responsible for the recent deep cuts in funding for low-interest loans for development through the IDA programme.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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