The World Trade Organisation with its powerful enforcement measures has given rise to a new type of global governance, while UN agreements on environment, development, human rights, labour, women and children lack adequate implementation measures.
A number of international (as well as EU) policies that promote sustainable development are threatened by WTO rules. The decision at the 4th WTO Ministerial in Qatar in November 2001 to expand the WTO agenda by launching new trade negotiations raises further concerns. These new negotiations are predicted to have widespread effects on environmental sustainability, development, and democracy in both industrialised as well as developing countries.
The EU's push for trade and investment negotiations in the WTO has been hotly debated. While global rules are needed, civil society groups have argued that instead of further trade and investment liberalisation measures, different regulations are needed, such as a binding set of rules for Transnational Corporations under the auspices of the UN.