strategy

Developing sustainable development policy

Synonyms:
Greening government policy
Description:
Developing policies to halt and reverse the two major harbingers of unsustainable development -- massive resource degradation and population growth. These include cross-sectoral issues (particularly trade, financial mechanisms, structural adjustment and technology transfer) and sectoral issues (including biodiversity, forests, agriculture and pesticides).
Context:
At the Earth Summit in Rio (1992), the phrase "sustainable development" became a vital instrument in focusing attention on the need for better environmental stewardship. The concept of sustainability, however goes well beyond the protection of natural resources. It also encompasses human welfare in the broadest sense, including education, health, equality of opportunity, and political and civil rights.
Implementation:
The Society for Development Alternatives recommends a seven-point programme to which all future development action be directly assigned above all other priorities: (a) satisfying the basic needs of every citizen; (b) fulfilling the potential of children; (c) raising the status and self-determination of women; (d) creating meaningful work and living wages for all; (e) enlarging the possibilities for social advancement; (f) enhancing the personal security of old people; (g) facilitating access to the means of family planning.
Claim:
Too often, action to achieve objectives for sustainable development in one policy area hinders progress in another, while solutions to problems often lie in the hands of policy makers in other sectors or at other levels of government. This is a major cause of many long-term unsustainable trends. In addition the absence of a coherent long-term perspective means that there is too much focus on short-term costs and too little focus on the prospect of longer term "win-win" situations.
Narrower:
Reforming domestic trade policy
Modifying unsustainable policies
Making coherent government policy
Harmonizing national law and policy
Developing sustainable land use policy
Elaborating national employment policies
Developing sustainable population policy
Developing policy for resource management
Developing sustainable coastal fishing policy
Integrating national energy efficiency policy
Developing policy for conservation of forests
Developing international environmental policy
Ensuring national policy-making in a global world
Developing international sustainable energy policy
Establishing national policy to expand water supply
Implementing national policy on marine environments
Developing national health policy for climate change
Improving national waste management and control policies
Involving indigenous peoples in planning national policies
Evaluating effects of world trade agreements on agriculture
Ensuring national policies account for environmental effects
Assessing impacts of trade policy on biodiversity conservation
Strengthening national policies to encourage technology transfer
Developing national policy to control transboundary air pollution
Mitigating social consequences of structural adjustment programmes
Ensuring national economic policies support sustainable development
Developing preventive policies for health impacts of climate change
Assessing environmental effects of national waste management policies
Developing national policies to change unsustainable consumption patterns
Building demographic factors into national policies for sustainable development
Strengthening international programmes supporting national sustainable development policies
Realigning politics around ecology
Type Classification:
C: Cross-sectoral strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 6: Clean Water and SanitationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal