In any region of the world there are often as many reasons for as against adjusting the standard time zone during summer to maximize natural daylight during the waking hours of most people.
In Australia, a daylight saving regime which allows Sydney city-dwellers to have naturally light evenings in summer (and save millions of dollars of electricity), means that the inland plains of the agricultural western districts of New South Wales must suffer sweltering afternoons. Western Australia is the only state to have abolished daylight saving (confirmed by 3 referendums), despite warnings from business leaders that the resulting three-hour time difference with Sydney and Melbourne would lose the state millions of dollars. Doctors have argued that daylight saving increases skin cancer rates in schoolchildren. Farmers say it upsets their cows. Tourist resort operators on the Great Barrier Reef adopt their own summertime over an above the 4 months period of official Queensland daylight saving.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.