Misrepresentation of socially unacceptable activity as research Misuse of research as a cover for illegal activity Research as disinformation Monitoring as a cover for inaction
The most striking example is the insistence by the governments of Japan and Iceland that continuation of whaling is essential for research purposes. More generally, space research is frequently used as a cover for missile development. A number of countries engage in research on nuclear physics which, despite denials over an extended period, subsequently becomes apparent as being the means through which they were able to develop nuclear weapons. It is reported that experimental uses of drugs on convicted criminals has been used as means for developing biochemical weapons.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.