Using secret agents
Gathering secret intelligence
Engaging in espionage
Researching secretly
Doing surreptitious research
Advising governments on security, coordinating intelligence or sensitive or secret data or information gathering of government departments and the military services, and correlating, evaluating and distributing intelligence to government agencies. Associated with this role are open and covert activities which protect national security.
Intelligence gathering has always been a function of government. Sun Tsu, the 4th Century BC military writer, devotes one of thirteen chapters on warfare to secret agents.
1. Accurate political, social and military information is essential for conducting international policy and negotiation between governments. It is not possible to obtain all the necessary information through official sources and channels.

2. Obtaining information permits rational decision-making, avoiding unnecessary violence.

Counter Claim:
1. Intelligence organizations tend to take international policy and diplomacy out of the democratic process.

2. These agencies tend to move beyond intelligence gathering to political manipulation, like covert counter revolutions which violate human rights and the sovereignty of other nations and to illegal or unauthorized domestic activities such as surveillance of citizens, including wiretapping and mail interception.

Type Classification:
D: Detailed strategies