Many cities regulate zones for 'work' and other zones for 'living', and in many cases enforce the separation by law. In such cases, most people are unable to walk from their homes to their workplace or to shops, creating a feeling of separation between the various daily activities, while commercial neighbourhoods are deserted outside of working hours, thus creating a feeling of insecurity and alienation.
Workplaces need to be near each other to make the most efficient use of the infrastructure required by most commercial enterprises.
Workplaces destroy the quiet and safety of residential neighbourhoods.
Workers are forced to accept a schism in which they spend the greater part of their working lives 'at work and away from their families' and the other part of their lives 'with their families and away from work'. This separation reinforces the idea that work is a toil, while only family life is 'living' - a schizophrenic view likely to create difficulties for all the members of a family.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.