Reducing protectionism in the telecommunications industries
Ensuring competitive telephone industries Limiting monopolies in the telephone industry Liberalization of telecommunications
In the 1990s, the European Union began promoting liberalization of telecommunications and competition in the sector in order to bring down the costs of telephone calls and to encourage job creation. Since 1 January 1998 the monopoly traditionally enjoyed by national telephone companies came to an end in most EU countries.
1. Both consumers and manufacturers benefit from a European area free of technical frontiers, thanks to the GSM standard for mobile phones, for example.
2. The existence of at least two mobile telephone companies in each European Union country has led to lower rates. Moreover, intervention by EU authorities has on occasion put an end to practices which penalized users.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.