ITC has the potential for making a positive contribution towards sustainability in the following ways: (1) dematerialization; (2) new concepts of mobility and exchange; (3) remote sensing and environmental monitoring; (4) public information services and universal access to services; (5) policy development and crisis management based on a broad consensus; (6) health services; (7) better opportunities for learning in all topics concerning the future of humanity; (8)empowerment of developing countries; (9) new opportunities in international cooperation. Areas of active application are traffic management, distance education, tele-shopping, telework, environmental management and information systems.
2. Promoting the information society as a stand-alone solution will probably not succeed in achieving sustainable development. It might even prove counterproductive: under market frameworks that are not adequately in tune with social and environmental externalities, any dematerialization achieved could be overcompensated by an increase in consumption-related activities (rebound effect).