Increasing environmental sensitivity within government policies
National governments have many obligations on the environmental front. Whilst they may work in close collaboration with others, they have the ultimate responsibility for national policy development and implementation, enforcing national environmental legislation, ensuring national level compliance with international agreements, public education and awareness building, and so on. A climate of stability is required before national decision makers will turn their attention to the environment and make real headway on environmental problems. Likewise, good governance and security are prerequisites for sustainable development, and it is up to citizens, governments and multilateral organizations to bring these about, both within and across national boundaries.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.