Advocating rigid adherence to basic religious beliefs as set out in religious writings; generally applied within Christianity or Islam.
Religions by their very nature of claiming special revelations would be inconsistent if they allowed their scriptures to be viewed as man-made and thus historically conditioned. By asserting their fundamental basis apart from history, that is the universal truth for all times to lie in these writings, the fundamentalists protect them from editing, abridgement and other deformations and thus preserve their cultural as well as spiritual heritages.
1. All truths must be adapted to the situation in which they are to be applied.
2. Simple obedience requires less commitment than do more active forms of demonstrating belief.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.