NGO fundamentalism Exclusive purist beliefs of members of non-government organizations Militant NGO movements
The strength of beliefs in certain discretionary causes can give rise to excessive or extremist behaviour. People who do not agree with the movement's views are excluded, and even condemned, vilified or harmed.
Recent examples are the willingness of members of environmental organizations to engage in illegal, even criminal behaviour, such as entering high security military compounds, or to take great personal risk, such as chaining themselves to trees which are to be removed by heavy equipment, or placing themselves in rubber dinghys between whaling boats and whales. Another example is the murder in 1993 of a USA doctor who performed abortions by an anti-abortion activist.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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