Surveying labour market trends Assessing unemployment of workers
The industrial revolution has transformed the nature of work from being primarily home-based and land-based activity for local needs, into a factory, shop and office-based global capitalist economy. This involves the exploitation of natural resources and the mass-production and distribution of a huge range of highly sophisticated products. As corporations increasingly decide to develop manufacturing in poorer countries with lower wage and other costs, jobs in western countries are becoming more technology and service orientated.
ILO undertakes: systematic analyses, based on information on global employment trends, the growth and decline of industries and occupations, the emergence of new labour market processes, and the situation of vulnerable groups; development of new methodologies and indicators to facilitate analysis of new labour market processes.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.